YAD (Heb. יָד). The word yad, in addition to its primary meaning of "hand," has three secondary meanings in Hebrew.   (1) The pointer used by the reader to indicate the place during the reading of the Torah (see torah ornaments ). The yad, however, of which there are many artistic designs, is more than an ornament. In order to ensure that the scroll would not be touched by the bare hands because of its sanctity, the rabbis enacted that hands which touch the scroll (see sefer torah ) become unclean in the second degree (Yad. 3:2 and 4:6, where Rabban Johanan b. Zakkai answers the satirical question of the Sadducees about this apparently paradoxical law that the holiest of articles should render unclean). Although the laws of ritual cleanness no longer apply, the Talmud states "He who holds a Sefer Torah naked will be buried naked" (Shab. 14a), and as a result the yad was introduced. (2) A memorial or a monument (cf. Isaiah 56:5). In II Sam. 18:18 it is stated, "Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up for himself a pillar which is in the king's valley… and he called the pillar after his own name and it is called the Yad of absalom unto this day." On this basis the word is used in modern Hebrew for memorial. It is, however, largely applied to a memorial institution rather than to a monument. Thus the institution set up in Jerusalem to commemorate the victims of the Nazi Holocaust is called yad vashem , the memorials for fallen soldiers Yad la-Banim, and for individuals, Yad Ben-Zvi, Yad ha-Rav Herzog, and so on. (3) The Mishneh Torah of Maimonides is most commonly referred to as the Yad, the first word of the phrase "yad ha-ḥazakah" (the "mighty hand" – cf. Deut. 34:12). Maimonides did not give this name to the work. It refers to the fact that it contains 14 books, the numerical equivalent of yad being 14. (Louis Isaac Rabinowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yad — 1. sif. 1. Qohum olmayan, qohumluq və ya yaxınlıq əlaqələri ilə bağlı olmayan; özgə, kənar. Yad uşaqlar. Özünü yad adam kimi hiss etmək. – Bir gün kişi diqqət eləyib görür ki, övrəti gündüzlər ayağına corab geymir, . . yad kişilərin də yanında… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Yad — Voir Yod (lettre) pour la lettre proto canaanite. Yad peut être l abréviation de Yad ha Hazaka, autre nom du Mishneh Torah de Maïmonide. Un Sefer Torah et un yad. Un yad (hébreu : יד « main ») ou etsba (hébreu : אצבע… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • yad — sf. Yabancı Birleşik Sözler yad el yad erklik yad estetik yad gerekirci …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Yad — A yad ( he. יד), literally, hand, is a Jewish ritual pointer, used to point to the text during the Torah reading from the parchment Torah scrolls. It is intended to prevent anyone from touching the parchment, which is considered sacred;… …   Wikipedia

  • yad — I. ˈyad or yade ˈyād Scotland variant of yaud II. ˈyäd noun ( s) Etymology …   Useful english dictionary

  • yâd — is., Far. yād 1) Anma 2) Hatır, zihin Yâdımda ezelî ve mor bir fecir memleketi gibi kalan doğduğum yeri gözümün önüne getirmek isterim. Ö. Seyfettin Atasözü, Deyim ve Birleşik Fiiller yâd etmek …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • yad — umay·yad; yad; …   English syllables

  • yâd — (F.) [ دﺎی ] 1. hatırlama. 2. gönül, hatır. 3. anı, hatıra. ♦ yâd edilmek anılmak, hatırlanmak. ♦ yâd etmek anmak, hatırlamak …   Osmanli Türkçesİ sözlüğü

  • yad — Seph. /yahd/; Ashk. /yawd/, n., pl. yadim Seph. /yah deem /; Ashk. /yaw dim/. Hebrew. a tapered, usually ornamented rod, usually of silver, with the tip of the tapered part forming a fist with the index finger extended, used by the reader of a… …   Universalium

  • Yad Vashem — ( he. יד ושם also spelled Yad VaShem; Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority ) is Israel s official memorial to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust established in 1953 through the Yad Vashem Law passed by the Knesset, Israel s… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”